Biography of Goswami Tulsidas Ji |Birthday

Biography of Goswami Tulsidas Ji |Birthday

Tulsidas Ji was a Hindu holy poet, reformer, and philosopher. He belonged to the Ramanandi community in the Guru tradition of Ramananda. Goswami TulsidasJi was also the acclaimed author of the great Hindu epic Ramcharitmanas. Tulsidas was a Saryuparina Brahmin by birth and is considered an incarnation of Valmiki, who composed the Ramayana in Sanskrit.

 He lived in Varanasi until his death. Tulsi Ghat is named after him. He was the greatest poet of Hindi literature and founded the Sankat Mochan Mandir.

Goswami Tulsidas was a great Hindu poet as well as a saint, reformer, and philosopher who composed several popular books.

He is also remembered for his devotion to Lord Rama and as the author of the great epic, Ramcharitmanas.

He was always admired as an incarnation of Valmiki (original composer of Ramayana in Sanskrit and Hanuman Chalisa).


Goswami Tulsidas spent his entire life in the city of Banaras and also breathed his last in this city.

Tulsidas ji’s family

NameGoswami Tulsidas {Rambola Dubey}
Father’s NameAtmaram Shukla Dubey
Mother’s NameHulse Dubey
Wife’s Name Buddhimati (Ratnavali)Buddhimati (Ratnavali)
Children’s Name1 Son – Tarak {died in infancy}

Birth of Tulsidas Ji

Tulsidas was born on 13 August 1532 in Rajpur, Banda district of Uttar Pradesh. Tulsidas’s father’s name was Atmaram Shukla Dubey and his mother’s name was Hulse. Tulsidas did not cry at the moment of his birth. He was born with all thirty-two teeth. As a child, his name was Rambola Dubey.

The early life of Tulsidas

According to a legend, Tulsidas took 12 months to come to this world, until then he remained in his mother’s womb. He had 32 teeth from birth and looked like a five-year-old.

After his birth, instead of crying, he began to sing the name of Rama. That is why it was called Rambola, he himself has said so in Vinaya Patrika.

His father died the fourth night after his birth. Tulsidas in his works Kavitavali and Vinaya Patrika told how his parents abandoned him after his birth.

Chuniya (his mother Hulsi’s maid) took Tulsidas to her hometown of Haripur and took care of him. She died after caring for him for only five and a half years.


After that incident, Rambola lived like a poor orphan and went from door to door begging for alms.

 Goddess Parvati is believed to have taken the form of a Brahmin to take care of Rambola.

He himself gave details of some facts and events of his life in his various works. The two ancient sources of his life are Bhaktamal and Bhaktirasbodhini composed of Nabhadas and Priyadas respectively.

Nabhadas had written about Tulsidas in his writings and described him as an incarnation of Valmiki. Priyadas composed his writings 100 years after Tulsidas’s death and described the seven miracles and spiritual experiences of Tulsidas. Two other autobiographies of Tulsidas are Mula Gosain Charita and Gosain Charita, composed by Veni Madhav Das in 1630, and Dasnidas (or Bhavanidas) around 1770 respectively.

The Teachings of Tulsidas

Rambola (Tulsidas) received Virakta Diksha (known as Vairagi Diksha) and got the new name Tulsidas. His Upanayana was performed by Narharidas in Ayodhya when he was only 7 years old.

He started his early education in Ayodhya. He mentions in his epic Ramcharitmanas that his guru repeatedly narrated the Ramayana to him.

He came to the holy city of Varanasi when he was only 15-16 years old and received knowledge of Sanskrit grammar, Hindu literature and philosophy, four Vedas, six Vedangas, and astrology from his guru Shesha Sanatan at Panchganga Ghat in Varanasi.

After studying, he returned to his birthplace, Chitrakoot, with the permission of his guru. He began to live in his family’s house and began to narrate the story of the Ramayana.

Marriage of Tulsidas Ji, wife

Tulsi Das married Buddhimati (Ratnavali) in the month of Jyeshtha (May-June) on Vikram 1583 (1526 CE) whose name was Ratnavali. The couple lived in Rajapur and their only son, Tarak, died in infancy.

Tulsi Das was very attached to his wife. He couldn’t bear to be separated from her even for a day.

One day his wife went to her father’s house without notifying her husband. Tulsidas secretly went to his father-in-law’s house to meet him at night. This created a sense of shame in the intellect.

He told Tulsidas: “My body is a web of flesh and bones. If you develop even half of your love for my dirty body for Lord Rama, you will surely cross the ocean of samsara and attain immortality and eternal bliss.

These words pierced Tulsi Das’s heart like an arrow. He did not stop there for a moment. He left home and became an ascetic. He spent fourteen years visiting various holy places of pilgrimage.

The Incarnation of Tulsidas Ji of Valmiki –

Tulsi Das is believed to have been an incarnation of Valmiki. According to the Hindu scripture Bhavishyottara Purana, Lord Shiva had told his wife Parvati how Valmiki would incarnate in Kaliyuga.

According to sources, it is believed that Hanuman used to go to Valmiki to hear him sing the Ramayana. After Lord Rama’s victory over Ravana, Hanuman continued to worship Rama in the Himalayas.

Tulsidas Ji Meeting with Lord Hanuman

Tulsi Das has described his meeting with Lord Hanuman in many of his compositions. Tulsidas had his first meeting with Lord Hanuman in Varanasi where he fell at Lord Hanuman’s feet and shouted

‘I know who you are so you can’t go leaving me’ and Lord Hanuman blessed him.


 Tulsi Das expressed his feeling to Lord Hanuman that he wanted to see Rama face each other. Hanuman guides them and tells them to go to Chitrakoot, where they will see Rama.

Meeting of Tulsidas Ji with Lord Ram

In accordance with Hanuman Ji’s instructions, he began to live at Ramghat’s ashram in Chitrakoot. One day, when he was going around Kamadgiri Mountain, he saw two princes riding a horse. But he couldn’t distinguish between them.

 Later, when he accepted that they were Rama and Lakshmana by Lord Hanuman, he was disappointed. All these incidents have been described in his own Gitavali.

The next morning, while making sandalwood paste, he met Rama again. Rama approached him and ordered a tilak of sandalwood paste, thus he clearly saw Rama.

Tulsidas was so pleased and forgot about the sandalwood paste, so Rama himself took the tilak and applied it to his forehead and Tulsidas’s forehead as well.


In the Vinaya Patrika, Tulsidas mentioned the miracles at Chitrakoot and gave many thanks to Rama.

He received darshan from Yajnavalkya (speaker) and Bharadvaja (listener) at the Magh Mela under a banyan tree.

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The Composition of the epic, Ramcharitmanas

He started writing Ramcharitmanas in Ayodhya in 1631 in the month of Ramnavami of Chaitra. He completed his redaction of the Ramcharitmanas in two years, seven months, and twenty-six days on Rama and Sita Vivah Panchami (marriage day) of the month of Margashirsha in 1633. ,

He reached Varanasi and delivered the epic Ramcharitmanas to Lord Shiva and Mata Parvati at the Kashi Vishwanath temple.


Death of Tulsidas Ji

He died in the month of Shravan (July or August) in 1623 on the banks of The Ganges River at Assi Ghat.

Compositions of Tulsidas

The 12 compositions of Tulsidas Ji are very famous. They are divided into 2 groups according to language.

Awadhi: questions from Ramcharitmanas, Ramlala Nachhu, Barwai Ramayana, Parvati Mangal, Janaki Mangal and Ramagya.

Braj: Krishna Gitavali, Gitavali, Sahitya Ratna, Dohavali, Vairagya Sandhipani and Vinayaka Patrika.

In addition to these 12, there are 4 more compositions that have been composed by Tulsidas Ji, which have a special place, they are:

Hanuman Chalisa: Contains 40 verses, 40 chaupai and 2 couplets dedicated to Hanuman in Awadhi and is a prayer to Hanuman.

Sankatmochan Hanumanashtak: Contains 8 verses for Hanuman in Awadhi.

Hanuman Bahuka: Has 44 Braj verses describing Hanuman’s arm (pray to Lord Hanuman to heal his hand).

Tulsi Satsai: It has a collection of 747 couplets in both Awadhi and Braj and is divided into seven twills or twills.


Other Important works of Tulsidas Ji–

Apart from Ramcharitmanas, there are five main works of Tulsidas which are as follows:

Dohavali: It has a collection of at least 573 different Dohas and Sorthas in Braj and Awadhi. Out of this, about 85 couplets are also included in Ramcharitmanas.

Kavitavali: Contains a collection of poems in Braj. Like the Ramcharitmanas epic, it too has seven books and many episodes.

Geetavali: It has a collection of 328 Braj songs which are divided into seven books and all are of the Hindustani classical music type.

Krishna Geetavali or Krishnavali – Contains a collection of 61 Braj songs, especially for Krishna. 32 songs out of 61 are dedicated to Krishna’s childhood and Raas Leela.

Vinay Patrika: Has a collection of 279 Braj Shlokas. Of all, around 43 hymns contain various deities, the courtiers and attendants of Rama.

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His Minor works are:


Barvai Ramayana: It consists of 69 verses composed in Barvai meter and divided into seven kandas.

Parvati Mangal: Contains a collection of 164 verses describing the marriage of Mother Parvati and Lord Shiva at Awadhi.

Janaki Mangal: Contains a collection of 216 verses describing the marriage of Sita and Rama in Awadhi.

Ramlala Nahchhu: Describes the Nachhu ritual (cutting of toenails before marriage) of the child Rama in Awadhi.

Rama Prashna: Describes Rama’s wish in Awadhi, consisting of seven kandas and 343 couplets.

Vairagya Sandipini: It has 60 verses in Braj that describe the state of realization and detachment.

Tulsidas Ji Jayanti

Tulsidas Jayanti is celebrated on the ‘Saptami’ (seventh day) of Krishna Paksha (dark fortnight of the moon) during the month of ‘Shravan’ in the traditional Hindu calendar.

For those who follow the Gregorian calendar, this date falls in the month of August. The Ramayana was originally written in Sanskrit by Valmiki and only scholars could understand it.

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FAQ (Some questions related to Tulsidas Ji )

Q: When was Tulsidas ji born?

A: Tulsidas was born on 13 August 1532 in Rajpur, Banda district of Uttar Pradesh.

Q: What was Tulsidas’ childhood name?

A: Rambola Dubey

Q: What is the birthplace of Goswami Tulsi Das Ji?

A: Rajpur in the Uttar Pradesh

Q: What is the full name of Tulsidas Ji ?

A: Goswami Tulsidas

Q: What is the latest composition of Goswami Tulsidas Ji ?

A: The last composition was Kavitavali.

Q: What is the first composition of Goswami Tulsidas Ji?

A: The first composition was Vairagya Sandipani.

Q: What was the name of Goswami Tulsidas’s Guru?

A: Narharinand ji (Narharidas Baba)

Q: Whose name is the wife Ratnavali?

A: By Goswami Tulsidas

Q: What was the name of Tulsidas’s father?

A: Soul ram Dubey

Q: When did Tulsidas die?

A: July 31, 1623, at the age of 91

Q: What was the caste of Tulsidas?

A: Universal Brahmin

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